GLE (Gain in life expectancy)
Gain in life expectancy, e.g. under the assumption that nobody dies at less than 65 years of age.
The "gain in life expectancy after excluding certain causes of death" refers to the population and can be interpreted as follows:
If it were possible to entirely avoid deaths due to a certain disease or disease group everybody would have an increased average life expectancy by the reported value (years) in the tables.
One of the main purposes of the calculation of gain in life expectancy is to compare different diseases. For example, in 2015 (in case of women aged 70 years) the potential gain in life expectancy by avoiding ischemic heart diseases (0.7749 years) was almost twice as big as by avoiding cerebrovascular diseases (0.4069 years).
The Federal Health Monitoring System 19 Jan 2020